210. Тайная вечеря установлена Господом, дабы посредством нее существовала связь Церкви с небом и, следовательно, с Господом; поэтому Тайная Вечеря есть самая священная часть богослужения.
211. Но того, каким образом чрез нее создается связь, не понимают те, которые ничего не знают о внутреннем или духовном смысле Слова; потому что их мысли не простираются далее внешнего смысла, который есть смысл буквальный. Из внутреннего или духовного смысла Слова познается, что означают тело и кровь, хлеб и вино, а также ядение.
212. В этом смысле тело или плоть Господа, а также хлеб, суть добро любви; а кровь Господа, а также вино - добро веры, ядение же - усвоение и связь. Ангелы, находящиеся у человека, который приступает к Таинству Причащения, иначе не понимают сего, ибо они все понимают духовно; вследствие этого святое любви и святое веры втекают от ангелов в человека, итак, чрез небо от Господа, благодаря чему создается связь.
213. Из этого ясно, что человек, вкушая хлеб, который есть тело, связуется с Господом чрез добро любви к Нему, от Него происходящее; а вкушая вино, которое есть кровь, связуется с Господом чрез добро веры в Него, от Него происходящее. Должно, однако же, знать, что связь с Господом посредством Таинства Причащения создается только в тех, которые находятся в добре любви и веры в Господа, от Него происходящих.. У этих посредством Тайной Вечери создается связь, у прочих же - лишь присутствие Его, а не связь.
214. Кроме того, Тайная Вечеря заключает и объемлет в себе все богослужение, установленное в Израильской Церкви; ибо всесожжения и жертвы, из которых преимущественно состояло богослужение этой Церкви, были обозначены одним словом "хлеб"; вследствие этого также и Тайная Вечеря есть исполнение сего богослужения.
From the Heavenly Arcana.
Since it is impossible to know what is involved in the Holy Supper, unless the signification of each single thing therein is known - for they correspond to spiritual things - it will be necessary to adduce what is signified by body and flesh, what by bread and wine, and what by eating and drinking; and also to treat of the sacrifices, in which the worship of the Israelitish Church chiefly consisted, because they were called "bread".
215. Concerning the Supper.
216. Concerning the Body and Flesh.
217. Concerning Blood.
218. Concerning Bread.
219. Concerning Wine.
220. Concerning Eating and Drinking.
221. Concerning Sacrifices.
That the burnt-offerings and sacrifices, in which were offered lambs, she-goats, sheep, kids, be-goats, bullocks, and oxen, were in one word called "bread," may appear from the following passages:
And the priest shall burn it upon the altar; IT IS THE BREAD OF THE OFFERING MADE BY FIRE UNTO THE LORD Levit. iii. 11, 16.
Hence it was said above (214), The Holy Supper includes and comprises the whole of the Divine worship instituted in the Israelitish Church; for the burnt-offerings and sacrifices in which the worship of that Church principally consisted, were termed in one expression 'bread'; and hence, also, the Holy Supper is a summing up of that worship. From all this it can now be seen what is meant by Bread in John vi. 31-35, 47-51,
Jesus said to them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Moses gave them not BREAD FROM HEAVEN; but My Father giveth you the TRUE BREAD FROM HEAVEN; for THE BREAD OF GOD is He that cometh down from heaven, and giveth life unto the world. They said unto Him, Lord, evermore give us THIS BREAD. Jesus said unto them, I AM THE BREAD OF LIFE: he that cometh to Me shall not hunger, and he that believeth on Me shall never thirst. He that believeth on Me, hath eternal life. I AM THE BREAD OF LIFE. THIS IS THE BREAD which cometh down from heaven that a man may eat thereof, and not die. I AM THE LIVING BREAD which came down from heaven; if any one shall eat OF THIS BREAD, he shall live for ever.
From the latter and the former passages it is evident, that bread means all the good that proceeds from the Lord; for the Lord Himself is in His own good; and therefore the bread and wine in the Holy Supper mean all the worship of the Lord from the good of love and faith.
222. To the above shall be added some things from the Heavenly Arcana, 9127:He who knows nothing of the internal, that is, the spiritual sense of the Word, does not know otherwise than that flesh and blood, when mentioned in the Word, mean natural flesh and blood. The internal sense, however, does not treat of the life of a man's body, but of the life of his soul, that is, of his spiritual life, which he is to live to eternity. This life is described in the Word in the sense of the letter, by such things as belong to the life of the body, namely, by flesh and blood; and since a man's spiritual life subsists through the good of love and the truth of faith, therefore in the internal sense of the Word the good of love is meant by flesh, and the truth of faith by blood. These things are understood in heaven by flesh and blood, and by bread and wine; for bread there has altogether the same signification as flesh, and wine altogether the same signification as blood. But those who are not spiritual men do not comprehend this: wherefore, let them remain in their faith, yet, let them believe that in the Holy Supper, and in the Word, because they are from the Lord, there is something holy. They may not know wherein this holiness consists, yet let those who enjoy interior perception, consider whether flesh means flesh, and blood, blood, in the following passages. In the Revelation xix. 17, 18,
I saw an angel standing in the sun; and he cried with a loud voice, saying unto all the fowls that fly in the midst of heaven, Gather yourselves together unto the supper of the great God; that ye may eat the flesh of kings, and the flesh of captains of thousands, and the flesh of the strong ones, and the flesh of horses, and of them that sit upon them, and the flesh of all both free and bond, both small and great.
Who can possibly understand these words, unless he knows what is meant in the internal sense by flesh, and what by kings, captains of thousands, strong ones, horses, them that sit on them, freemen and bondmen? And in Ezekiel xxxix. 17-21,
Thus said the Lord Jehovih, Say to, every bird of heaven, to every wild beast of the field, Assemble yourselves, and come; gather yourselves from every side to My sacrifice that I sacrifice for you, a great sacrifice upon the mountains of Israel; that ye may eat flesh and drink blood. Ye shall eat the flesh of the strong ones, and drink the blood of the primes of the earth; and ye: shall eat fat till ye be full, and drink blood even to drunkenness, of My sacrifice which I shall sacrifice for you. Ye shall be filled at My table, with the horse and the chariot, and with the strong one, and with every man of war; thus will I set My glory among the nations.
Here the calling together of all to the kingdom of the Lord, and specifically the establishment of the Church among the gentiles, are treated of; and eating flesh and drinking blood signify appropriating to one's self Divine Good and Divine Truth, thus the Holy which proceeds from the Lord's Divine Human. Who cannot see, that flesh does not mean here flesh, nor blood, blood? as when it is said, that they should eat the flesh of the strong ones, and drink the blood of the princes of the earth; and that they should drink blood even to drunkenness; also that they should be filled with the horse, with the chariot, with the strong one, and with every man of war? What is meant by the birds of the heaven and the beasts of the field in the spiritual sense, may be seen in the work on Heaven and Hell, 110 and in the notes there (l). Let us now examine what the Lord said concerning His flesh and His blood, in John vi. 51-58,
The bread that I will give, is My flesh. Verily, verily, I say unto you, Except ye eat the flesh of the Son of Man, and drink His blood, ye shall not have life in you. Whoso eateth My flesh, and drinketh My blood, hath eternal life, and I will raise him up at the last day; for My flesh is meat indeed, and My blood is drink indeed. He that eateth My flesh and drinketh My blood, dwelleth in Me, and I in him. This is the bread which came down from heaven.
That the Lord's flesh denotes the Divine Good, and His blood the Divine Truth, both proceeding from Him, may be seen from the fact, that these nourish a man's spiritual life. Hence, also, it is said, My flesh is meat indeed, and My blood is drink indeed: and since a man is conjoined with the Lord through the Divine Good and Truth, it is further said, Whoso eateth My flesh and drinketh My blood, hath eternal life; and, He abideth in Me, and I in him; and in the former part of the chapter (ver. 27),
Labour not for the meat which perisheth, but for that meat which endureth unto eternal life;
that abiding in the Lord means being in the love to Him, the Lord Himself teaches in John xv. 2-12.