Начало 21. О Церкви

241. То, что у человека образует небо, образует также и Церковь; ибо как любовь и вера образуют небо, так они образуют и Церковь; следовательно, из того, что было прежде сказано о небе, явствует и то, что [такое] есть Церковь.

242. Церковь находится там, где признается Господь и где есть Слово; ибо сущность Церкви есть любовь и вера в Господа от Господа; причем Слово учит, каким образом человек должен жить, чтобы принять любовь и веру от Господа.

243. Для того, чтобы существовала Церковь, должно существовать учение из Слова, потому что без учения Слово не может быть понятно. Все же одно учение, само по себе, не образует Церкви в человеке; ее образует жизнь, согласная с учением. Из этого следует, что вера одна не образует Церкви, но жизнь веры, которая есть благолюбие. Подлинное учение есть учение благолюбия и вместе с тем и веры, а не учение веры без учения благолюбия; ибо учение благолюбия и веры есть учение жизни, но не учение веры без учения благолюбия.

244. Те, которые находятся вне Церкви и признают одного Бога, и, согласно своему исповеданию, живут в некотором благолюбии по отношению к ближнему, находятся в общении с теми, которые принадлежат к Церкви; потому что никто из верующих в Бога и хорошо живущих не осуждается. Из сего явствует, что Церковь Господня находится везде на всем земном шаре, хотя в частности она только там, где признается Господь и где есть Слово.

245. Всякий человек, у которого насаждена Церковь, спасается; а всякий, у которого нет Церкви, осуждается.

246. From the Heavenly Arcana.

The Church, specifically exists where the Word is found, and where through it the Lord is known, and consequently where Divine Truths have been revealed, 3857, 10761.
Still those who are born where the Word exists, and where the Lord is known, are not on that account of the Church; but those are who through truths from the Word, are being regenerated by the Lord, and these are they who lead a life of charity, 6637, 10143, 10153, 10578, 10645, 10829.
Those who are of the Church, that is, in whom the Church exists, are in the affection of truth for the sake of truth; that is, they love the truth because it is true, and from the Word they examine whether the doctrinals of the Church in which they were born, are true, 5432, 6047.
Otherwise every one would have truth from another, and from his native soil, 6047.
The Lord's Church is with all in the whole world who live in good according to their religious system, 3263, 6637, 10765.
All who live in good - wherever they are - and acknowledge one God, are accepted by the Lord and come into heaven; for all who are in good acknowledge the Lord, because good is from the Lord, and the Lord is in good, 2589-2604, 2861, 2863, 3263, 4190, 4197, 6700, 9256.
The whole Church on earth, before the Lord, is as one man, 7396, 9276.
In like manner heaven, because the Church is heaven, that is, the Lord's kingdom on earth, 2853, 2996, 2998, 3624-3629, 3636-3643, 3741-3745, 4625.
But the Church, where the Lord is known and where the Word exists, is like the heart and lungs in a man in respect to the rest of the body, which lives therefrom, as from the fountains of its life, 637, 931, 2054, 2853.
Hence it is, that unless there were a Church where the Word exists, and where by means of it the Lord is known, the human race would not be saved, 468, 637, 931, 4545, 10452.
The Church is the foundation of heaven, 4060.
The Church is internal and external, 1242, 6587, 9375, 9680, 10762.
The Internal of the Church is love to the Lord and charity towards the neighbour; wherefore, those who are in the affection of good and truth from love to the Lord and charity towards the neighbour, constitute the internal church; and those who are in external worship from obedience and faith, constitute the external Church, 1083, 1098, 4288, 6380, 6587, 7840, 8762.
Knowing truth and good, and acting therefrom, constitute the External of the Church; but willing and loving truth and good, and acting therefrom, constitute the Internal of the Church, 4899, 6775.
The Internal of the Church is contained in the worship of those who belong to the external Church, although obscurely, 6775.
The internal and external Church constitute one Church, 409, 10762.
Man has an Internal and an External, an Internal according to the image of heaven, and an External according to the image of the world; and therefore, in order that a man may be a Church, his External must act together with his Internal, 3628, 4523, 4524, 6057, 6314, 97106, 10472.
The Church is in a man's Internal and at the same time in his External, but not in the External apart from the Internal, 1795, 6580, 10691.
The Internal of the Church is according to truths and their quality, and according to the implantation of them in good by means of life, 1238.
The Church, like heaven, is in man, and therefore the Church consists in general of the men in whom the Church is, 3884.
In order that the Church may exist, there must be the doctrine of life, which is the doctrine of charity, 3445, 10763, 10764.
Charity constitutes the Church, and not faith separated from charity, 916.
Consequently, not the doctrine of faith which is separated from charity, but the doctrine of faith which is conjoined therewith, and according to which the life is, 809, 1798, 1799, 1834, 1844, 4468, 4672, 4683, 4766, 5826, 6637.
The Church does not exist with a man, unless the truths of doctrine are implanted with him in the good of charity, and thus in the good of life, 3310, 3963, 5826.
There is no Church with a man, if he is only in the truths, which are called truths of faith, 5826.
How much good there would be in the Church, if charity were in the first place, and faith in the second, 6269.
And how much evil is in it, if faith is in the first place, 6272.
In the Ancient Churches charity was the chief and essential constituent of the Church, 4680.
The Church would be like heaven, if all had charity, 2385, 2853.
If good were the characteristic of the Church, and not truth apart from good, thus if charity were its characteristic, and not faith separate, the Church would be a one, and differences with respect to the doctrinals of faith and the forms of external worship, would be accounted as nothing, 1285, 1316, 2982, 3267, 3445, 3451.
Every Church begins from charity, but in the course of time declines from it, 494,501, 1327, 3773, 4689.
And thus turns to falsities from evil, and at length to evils, 1834, 1835, 2910, 4683, 4689.
The Church at its beginning and in its decline compared with the infancy and old age of a man, 10134.
And also with the rising and setting of the sun, 1837.
The successive states of the Christian Church, down to its last state; where the things are explained which the Lord foretold concerning the consummation of the age and His coming, in Matthew (xxiv. from beginning to end), AC 3353-3356, 3486-3489, 3650-3655, 3751-3757, 3897-3901, 4056-4060, 4229-4231, 4332-4335, 4422-4424, 4635-4638, 4807-4810, 4954-4959, 5063-5071.
The Christian Church at the present time is at its end, since there is in it no faith, because no charity, 3489, 4689.
The Last Judgment is the last time of the church, 2118, 2252, 4057, 4333, 4535.
Concerning the vastation of the Church, 407-411.
The consummation of the age and the coming of the Lord constitute the last time of the old Church and the beginning of the new, 2243, 4535, 10622.
When the old Church is being vastated, the interior truths are revealed which are to be of use to the new Church which is then established, 3398, 3786.
Concerning the establishment of the Church with the Gentiles, 1366, 2986, 4747, 9256.

247. The Ancient Churches.
The First and Most Ancient Church in this world was that which is described in the first chapters of Genesis; which was a celestial Church, and the most excellent of all, 607, 895, 920, 1121, 1122, 1123, 1124, 2896, 4493, 8891, 9942, 10545.
The quality of those belonging to it in heaven, 1114-1125.
They are in the clearest light, 1116, 1117.
After the flood there existed various Churches which, in one expression, were called the Ancient Church, concerning which see 1125, 1126, 1127, 1327, 10355.
Through how many kingdoms of Asia the Ancient Church was extended, 1238, 2385.
The quality of the men of the Ancient Church, 609, 895.
The Ancient Church was a representative Church, and its representatives were gathered together into one collection by certain men of the Most Ancient Church, 519, 521, 2896.
Among the Ancient Church there was a Word, which was, however, lost, 2897.
The quality of the Ancient Church when it began to decline, 1128.
The distinction between the Most Ancient Church and the Ancient, 597, 607, 640, 641, 765, 784, 895, 4493.
Both the Most Ancient and the Ancient Churches existed in the land Canaan, and from this circumstance arose the representatives of the places therein, 3686, 4447, 4454.
The Church which was begun by Eber, and was called the Hebrew Church, 1238, 1241, 1343, 4516, 4517.
The difference between the Ancient and the Hebrew Churches, 1343, 4874.
Eber instituted sacrifices which had been wholly unknown in the Ancient Churches, 1343.
The Ancient Churches agreed with the Christian Church as to internals, but not as to externals, 3478, 4489, 4772, 4904, 10149.
In the Most Ancient Church there was an immediate revelation; in the Ancient Church a revelation by means of correspondences; in the Jewish Church by the living voice; and in the Christian Church through the Word, 10355.
The Lord was the God of the Most Ancient Church, and was called Jehovah, 1343, 6846.
The Lord is heaven, and He is the Church, 4766, 10125, 10151, 10157.
That the Lord's Divine constitutes heaven, see the work on Heaven and Hell, 7-12 and 78-86.
That therefore His Divine also constitutes the Church, since what makes heaven with man also makes the Church, see above in the Doctrine.

248. The Jewish church and the Jews.
The statutes, judgments and laws, which were commanded in the Jewish Church, were in part like those which existed in the Ancient Church, 4449, 4835.
In what respect the representative rites of the Jewish Church differed from those of the Ancient Church, 4288, 10149.
A representative Church was instituted among that nation, but in the nation itself there was no Church, 4899, 4912, 6304.
Therefore, as to that nation itself, it was the representative of a Church, but not a Church, 4281, 4288, 4311, 4500, 6304, 7048, 9320, 10396, 10526, 10531, 10698.
The Israelitish and Jewish nation was not chosen, but was accepted to represent the Church, on account of the stubbornness with which their fathers and Moses insisted upon it, 4290, 4293, 7051, 7439, 10430, 10535, 10632.
Their worship was merely external, apart from any internal worship, 1200, 3147, 3479, 8871.
They were entirely unacquainted with the internals of worship, and were not willing to know them, 301, 302, 303, 3479, 4429, 4433, 4680, 4844, 4847, 10396, 10401, 10407, 10694, 10701, 10707.
How they consider the internals of Worship, of the Church, and of the Word, 4865.
Their interiors were filthy, full of the loves of self and the world, and of avarice, 3480, 9962, 10454-10457, 10462-10466, 10575.
On this account the internals of the Church were not discovered to them, because they would have profaned them, 2520, 3398, 3480, 4289.
The Word was altogether closed to them, 3769.
They see the Word from without and not from within, 10549, 10550, 10551.
Wherefore, their Internal, when in worship, was closed, 8788, 8806, 9320, 9377, 9380, 9962, 10396, 10401, 10407, 10492, 10498, 10500, 10575, 10629, 10692.
That nation, also, more than others, was of such a character that they could be in external sanctity while the Internal was closed, 4293, 4311, 4903, 9373, 9377, 9380.
Their state at that time, 4311.
On this account also they have been preserved to the present day, 3479.
Their external sanctity was miraculously raised by the Lord into heaven, and the interior things of Worship, of the Church, and of the Word were thus perceived, 3480, 4307, 4311, 6304, 8588, 10492, 10500, 10602.
In order that this might be effected, they were compelled by external means to observe strictly their rites in their external form, 3147, 4281, 10149.
Since they were able to be in external sanctity, apart from any internal, they could represent the holy things of the Church and of heaven, 3479, 3881, 4208, 6603, 8588, 9377, 10430, 10500, 10570.
Still those holy things did not affect them, 3479.
It does not matter what is the quality of the person who represents, because the representation has respect to the thing, and not to the person, 665, 1097, 1361, 3147, 3881, 4208, 4281, 4288, 4292, 4307, 4444, 4500, 6304, 7048, 7439, 8588, 8788, 8806.
That nation was worse than other nations; its quality is also described from the Word of both Testaments, 4314, 4316, 4317, 4444, 4503, 4750, 4751, 4815, 4820, 4832, 5057, 5998, 7248, 8819, 9320, 10454-10457, 10462-10466.
The tribe of Judah turned aside into a worse state than the other tribes, 4815.
How cruelly they treated the Gentiles, from a feeling of delight, 5057, 7248, 9320.
That nation was idolatrous at heart, and more than other nations worshipped other gods, 3732, 4208, 4444, 4825, 5998, 6877, 7401, 8301, 8871, 8882.
Even their worship, when considered as it was in that nation itself, was idolatrous, because it was external apart from any Internal, 4281, 4825, 8871, 8882.
They worshipped Jehovah only in name, 6877, 10559, 10560, 10561, 10566;
and solely on account of miracles, 4299.
Those are mistaken who believe that, at the end of the Church, the Jews will be converted, and taken back into the land of Canaan, 4847, 7051, 8301.
Many passages are adduced on this subject from the Word, which, however, are to be understood according to the internal sense, thus otherwise than according to the letter, 7051.
On account of that nation the Word was changed, as to its external sense, but not as to its internal sense, 10453, 10461, 10603, 10604.
According to their quality, Jehovah appeared to them on Mount Sinai, in a consuming fire, in a thick cloud, and in smoke as of a furnace, 1861, 6832, 8814, 8819, 9434.
The Lord appears to every one according to his quality; as a vivifying and invigorating fire to those who are in good, and as a consuming fire to those who are in evil, 934, 1861, 6832, 8814, 8819, 9434, 10561.
One origin of that nation was from a Canaanitish woman, and its two other origins were from whoredom with a daughter-in-law, 1167, 4818, 4820, 4874, 4899, 4913.
These origins signified the quality of their conjunction with the Church, namely, that it was like the conjunction with a Canaanitish woman, and like whoredom with a daughter-in-law, 4868, 4874, 4899, 4911, 4913.
Their state in the other life, 939, 940, 5057.
Since this nation, although of such a quality, represented the Church; and since the Word was written among them and concerning them; therefore Divine-celestial things were signified by their names, as by Reuben, Simeon, Levi, Judah, Ephraim, Joseph, and the rest. Judah, in the internal sense signifies the Lord as to celestial love, and His celestial kingdom, 3654, 3881, 5583, 5603, 5782, 6363.
The prophecy of Israel concerning Judah (Gen. xlix. 8-12), wherein the Lord is treated of, explained, 6363-6381.
The tribe of Judah and Judaea signify the celestial Church, 3654, 6364.
The twelve tribes represent, and therefore signify, all things of love and faith in the aggregate, 3856, 3926, 4060, 6335;
consequently also heaven and the Church, 6337, 6637, 7836, 7891.
Their signification is according to the order in which they are named, 3862, 3926, 3939, 4603, et seq., 6337, 6640.
The twelve tribes were divided into two Kingdoms, in order that the Jews might represent the celestial Kingdom, and the Israelites the spiritual Kingdom, 8770, 9320.
The seed of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, signifies the goods and truths of the Church, 3373, 10445.